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Research Methodology MCQs with Solutions

Research Methodology MCQs with Solutions

Research methodology is defined as the practical “how” of any given piece of research. It’s about how a researcher systematically designs a study to ensure valid and reliable results that address the research aims and objectives.  MCQs.net shares top 10 multiple choice questions on research methodology with brief explanatory answers.

What is the main role of research in education

The main role of research in education is:

  1. To upsurge one’s social status
  2. To help candidate in becoming a renowned educationalist
  3. To increase one’s job prospects
  4. None of these

Answer: 2. To help an applicant in becoming a renowned educationalist

Explanation: Educational research emphases on a specific problem and then tries to find the answer to the stated problem. It uses primary and secondary data in its data collection process. Researchers depend on on first-hand sources of information and secondary data on the road to conclude a topic. Educational research can be well-defined as an assurance for reviewing and improving educational practice, which will result in becoming a renowned educationalist. So from given options 2. To help candidate in becoming a renowned educationalist is the right answer

The book “Methods in Social Research” is written by

The book “Methods in Social Research” is written by

  1. CR Kothari
  2. Kerlinger
  3. William Goode and Hatt
  4. Wilkinson

Answer: 3. Goode and Hatt

Explanation: The book named “Methods in Social Research” was authored by William Goode and Hatt on Dec 01, 1952. The book was specifically aimed to improve student’s knowledge as well as response skills.

Which of the following can be classified under the category of research development

Which of the following can be classified under the category of research development:

  1. Action Research
  2. Descriptive Research
  3. Philosophical Research
  4. All of the these

Answer: 4. All of these

Explanation: 

Action research: It is defined as a philosophy and methodology of research that is normally applied in the social sciences. It seeks transformative change through the simultaneous process of taking action and doing research, which is linked together by critical reflection.

Descriptive Research: It is defined as the class of research that is used to describe the characteristics of a population. It gathers data that is used to answer a wide range of what, when, and how questions relating to a particular population or group.

Philosophical Research: It is defined as the class of research that includes the study of the history of philosophy, the study of different philosophers, and general development of philosophical thought.

The longitudinal research approach actually deals with

The longitudinal research approach actually deals with

  1. Horizontal research
  2. Long-term research
  3. Short-term research
  4. None of the above

Answer: 2. Long-term research

Explanation: Longitudinal studies lets researchers to follow their subjects in real time. Generally longitudinal approach is long-term research wherein the researchers continue inspecting similar individuals to detect if any change has occurred over a while.

The F-test

The F-test:

  1. Is essentially a two-tailed test.
  2. Is essentially a one-tailed test.
  3. Either of above
  4. Neither of above

Answer:  3.  Either of above

Explanation: The F-test Can be one-tailed as well as two-tailed depending on the hypotheses. An F-test corresponds to a statistical test wherein the test statistic has an F-distribution under the null hypothesis.

Reliability of a research result implies its

Reliability of a research result implies its

  1. Uniqueness
  2. Usefulness
  3. Verifiability
  4. Validity

Correct answer: 4. Validity

The scientific study of the historical back ground of the events in order to find its bearing on the present conditions is termed as:

  1. Action research
  2. Experimental research
  3. Historical research
  4. Philosophical research

Correct answer: 3. Historical research

The word ‘Research’ is derived from

The word ‘Research’ is derived from

  1. French
  2. Roman
  3. Greek
  4. Japanizes

Correct answer: 1. French

Explanation: The word research is derived from the Middle French “recherche”, which means “to go about seeking”, the term itself being derivative from the Old French term “recerchier” a compound word from “re-” + “cerchier”, or “sercher”, meaning ‘search’.

Non-probability sampling method

__________ is non-probability sampling method

  1. Cluster sampling
  2. Simple random sampling
  3. Systematic sampling
  4. Quota sampling

Correct answer: 4. Quota sampling

Explanation: Quota sampling is a type of sampling method in which elements from the population are chosen on a non-random basis and all members of the population do not have an equal chance of being selected to be a part of the sample group. Quota sampling is a type of non-probability sampling method from the list.

The advantage of random sampling is

The advantage of random sampling is:

  1. It is free from one’s personal biases
  2. It produces reasonably accurate results
  3. It is an economical method of collecting data
  4. All of these

Correct answer: 4. All of these

Explanation: Random sampling is defined as a part of the sampling technique in which each sample has an equal probability of being chosen. It has all benefits including:

  1. It is free from one’s personal biases
  2. It produces reasonably accurate results
  3. It is an economical method of collecting data

The brief explanatory video on Research Methodology

So that was all about the basics of Research methodology.

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